Jabot - (from Fr. jabot - bird's goiter) appeared in European costume in the XVII century, firmly established in the men's costume of the French nobility and valued more than other accessories!
A jabot with a white shirt was bound to stand out in the neckline of a waistcoat or camisole.
An interesting fact is that the jabot was a favourite costume element not only for nobility, but also for pirates. Sea robbers loved to flaunt their fashionable clothes. In those days, lace was highly valued and very expensive.
The jabot was a sign of true dandy and wealth. Unlike gloves, which may or may not have been worn, the jabot was a must-have item in a man's wardrobe.
The jabot, made of fabric or lace, fell from the neck of the suit, reaching to the waist. It was styled in a lavish wave, in protrusions, with a full ruffle, and in a fine pleat (sometimes double or triple).
Since the mid-nineteenth century jabot appeared in women's fashion, and not at all to disguise the buttons on the blouse, as previously thought (until the early twentieth century dresses fastened at the back), but solely for the decorative effect.
Already in the second half of the XIX century, the jabot could be not only in tone or made of the same material as the dress, but also of a contrasting colour or pattern, with trimmings on the edges - ruche, beadwork, lace.
Throughout the history of fhe shape of the jabot varied - there were simple lace strips stitched along the edge of the clasp, and huge, lush, descending to the waist, waves of lace.
The jabot was particularly popular in France. The accessory came to Russia in the 18th century.
By the second half of the 19th century, women had taken full possession of the attractive item of clothing.
A small lace collar jabot pinned with a brooch added gracefulness, while a jabot with lush waves made the look solemn and aristocratic.
Source: History of costume. England. 1998г.
The photos are taken from publicly available resources on the internet.
With love and respect, Tatiana Kalinina